2014年3月8日 星期六

[聽力保健] 老師針對聽障兒童可以做些什麼事情?

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本篇文章原文網址:http://www.hearing.com.au/tips-teachers/


Tips For Teacher (FEBRUARY,03,2014)

Hearing loss can present a number of challenges for children as they grow up, none more so than when they are in a classroom situation. It’s important to remember that there really is no need for hearing loss to compromise a child’s school years. Sure, there may be some obstacles along the way, but these can be overcome.
再也沒有什麼比聽障兒童在教室裡學習所造成的挑戰更巨大了,對於聽障的兒童其實並不需要妥協於學齡年紀,確實,他們在學習的道路上會有些障礙,但這些都可以被克服。

As a parent or teacher, one of the most important things you can do is remain aware of the needs of children who have hearing loss. Here are some tips that can make schooling that much easier:
身為聽障兒童的家長或老師,其中一項很重要的工作是持續觀察與注意聽損兒童的需求。有些秘訣可以使聽障兒童的在學校的學習教育更輕鬆。

Seating tips for teachers

  • Children don’t have to sit front and centre if that’s not their style, but they should sit close to their teacher in a place where their view is not obstructed.
  • If the child notices an echo, they should be allowed to move to a different seat.
  • Make sure each child can clearly see the whiteboard or screen without glare. Pull down the blinds if it means seeing the whiteboard or screen more easily.
老師安排座位的小訣竅
1.如果不喜歡,聽障兒童不一定要坐在教室的正前方或中間。但他們必須跟老師坐的靠近,而且他
   們的視野不能被擋住。
2.如果聽障兒童在座位上會聽到回音,老師可以允許他們換位置。
3.確保每個聽障兒童都可以清楚看到白板而不需要瞇瞇眼。拉下百葉窗可以使白板或螢幕能看得更  
  清楚。

Be prepared

  • Help children prepare ahead so they know what is going to be discussed. This will make it easier for them to follow the lesson.
  • Identify a buddy who a child can partner with—someone who can share notes or assist if the child misses some of the lesson.
  • Help minimise background noise by sitting children with hearing loss away from noisy areas such as windows and doors—and talkative classmates especially!
老師的準備工作
1.幫助聽障兒童事先預習進度,這樣子他們會知道接下來課堂上會討論什麼。這可以幫助他們更能
   夠趕上課程的進度。
2.幫聽障兒童指定一個夥伴,如果在上課時漏聽了些什麼,這個夥伴可以幫助他或分享上課筆記
3.減低聽障兒童周圍的環境噪音,包括關上門窗,和七嘴八舌的同學們。

Other tips for teachers

  • Speak clearly (but don’t feel the need to be excessively loud or exaggerated because that can make things worse).
  • Try not to move around too much if the student is trying to lip-read.
  • Face forward when speaking. Avoid talking when your back is turned and be careful to ensure your hands and other objects aren’t obstructing the student’s view of your lips.
  • If the child uses an FM system, wear the transmitter and understand how to use it properly.
  • Help reduce environmental noise in the room by installing carpets and rugs, wall hangings, curtains, and felt or rubber on the bottom of the legs of chairs and desks.
給老師的其他秘訣
1.清楚地說話,但不需要刻意大聲講或誇張講話,這樣可能會讓他們聽錯。
2.如果聽障兒童正試著讀唇語時,老師應盡量少走動。
3.說話時應該面對面,避免背對背說話並確保沒有手或物體擋住聽障兒童看你的嘴唇。
4.如果聽障兒童有戴無線輔聽器(FM system),老師可以帶上無線發射器並瞭解如何正確地使用。
5.在教室內裝上地毯、窗簾、壁掛,在桌椅腳裝上軟墊或絨布都可以有效降低房間內的環境噪音。

資料來源
http://www.hearing.com.au/

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